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One Health network for the prevention of vector-borne diseases around the Mediterranean and Sahel regions

Exhibition on Vectors and Diseases
Have a look at the exhibition panels to learn more about a
broad range of vectors and understand how they transmit
diseases and how to achieve their control.
Learn more...
The project
The MediLabSecure project (2019-2022) will build on the foundations laid down
during the first phase.
It aims at preventing vector-borne diseases around the Mediterranean and
Sahelian countries by reinforcing an international network of laboratories and
public health institutions through capacity building and networking activities.

Learn more...
Animal virology explained in motion design
Videos explaining the different
sectors of the MediLabSecure
project are being developed with
all the working groups.
This new video, conceived by
INIA and Institut Pasteur, presents
the key role of Animal virology
in the fight against vector-borne diseases.
Learn more...
Welcome to the new MediLabSecure members from Sahel!
In order to have a geographic continuum and a complementary of biological situation, MediLabSecure has enlarged its geographic coverage area by extending the network to new laboratories and national public health institutions and veterinary services in five Sahel countries : Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.
Learn more...
MediLabSecure Regional Meeting in Dakar
The Kick-Off Meeting which was held on last July in Paris
put the MediLabSecure second phase
on track for the next three years
and successfully initiated the integration of the new members
from Sahel within the network.

To continue on this path, the 1st Regional meeting of the new phase
of the MediLabSecure project will be held in Dakar (Senegal)
from January 20th-24th, 2020.
Learn more...
> Home | News


News

04/2020 - medipiet covid-19 webinar series

agenda


MediPIET, a European Union-DEG DEVCO funding regional training programme network in field epidemiology, is contributing to the response to COVID-19 pandemic with the implementation of webinar series.

The first webinar will take place on next Wednesday, April 8, 2020 at 2pm (Central Europe Summer Time) and will focus on public health actions for prevention, containment and mitigation of COVID-19.

For this occasion, Prof LEUNGGabriel M, Dean of Medicine,University of Hong Kong, will provide insights on:


  • Available evidence about the dynamics of COVID-19 pandemic with importance in the public health response,
  • Public health measures used for prevention,containment and mitigation of COVID-19 and the main considerations for different epidemic contexts,

  • Success components of the response in tackling the COVID-19 outbreak in China. 


  • This 30min talk will be then followed by a 15min live Questions & Answers session.

    During those 45 minutes, you may find some answers and invaluable food for thought from one of the mainworldwide leading experts in COVID-19.


    You can join the webinar via WebEX by clicking here.

    Please be aware that participants must keep their audio mute and join the meeting without video/camera.

    In case of unavailability at the proposed time, the webinar will be recorded and posted on MediPIET website.


    Contacts for more information :

    Adele PAEZ | Concha Martin de Pando


    03/2020 - Medical entomology newsletter #21

    Despite the Covid-19 pandemy which impact most of the activities, here is the new edition of the medical entomology newsletter to keep you updated on whats' going on within the network.
    Missed earlier newsletter? Do not worry you can find them here!

    03/2020 - medilabsecure on the front line to face the covid-19 epidemic

    agenda


    The outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (first called 2019-nCoV and then officially SARS-CoV-2) that emerged in the city of Wuhan (Hubei Province, China) in December 2019 is now affecting 80% of the countries worldwide, to the point of being officially reclassified as a pandemic by WHO.


    The main mission of the MediLabSecure European project is to enhance preparedness to emerging viral diseases in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sahel Regions. As One-health project clustering virologists and veterinarian virologists along with medical entomologists and public and animal health representatives, the usual target of the project are vector-borne viruses such as arboviruses. However, public health emergencies due to a novel virus, in particular of zoonotic origins such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus, are part of our missions.


    In this context, the human virology working group coordinated by the Laboratory for Urgent Response to Biological Threats (CIBU) at the Institut Pasteur, has been directly involved in the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic response from the beginning through active information, discussions, diagnostic tools sharing and technical support.


    In particular, early during the crisis, the human virology working group sent diagnostic kits for SARS-CoV-2 (primers, probes, and positive controls) based on the Corman et al. protocol from Charité, to all laboratories from the network that requested support in order to accelerate their preparation.

    Thanks to its support, the actual first cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection have been identified by laboratories from the MediLabSecure network in Algeria, Lebanon, Morocco, Republic of North Macedonia, Serbia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Jordan, Palestine, and Mauritania.

    Additionally, the CIBU has supported laboratories from the network in diagnosis before the implementation of the procedure, but also after, to validate their initial diagnostics by confirmation of the first positive cases.

    Today, we are implementing an EQA on coronaviruses with the company QCMD for all voluntary laboratories.


    In parallel, the coordinators of the human virology working group had the opportunity to participate, through an online presentation on the laboratory diagnostic protocols and biosafety, in a training of trainers entitled « Strengthening country capacities on preparedness and response for public health cross-border threats focusing on COVID-2019 » organized by twining project MediPIET from February 24th to 26th 2020 in Tunis.


    During this global emergency situation, MediLabSecure could rely on the past work realised for preparedness to emerging viral diseases in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sahel Regions. The strength of the network established over the past few years allowed the human virology working group to contact, communicate, support and provide tools for facing the epidemic. These first collaborative successes illustrate perfectly the network ownership and the dynamic brought to ensure its sustainability.


    Even in spite of the current lockdowns in France, Spain and Italia, Jean-Claude, Guillain, and the entire MediLabSecure team are still working and supporting all our colleagues and friends who are on the first line as well. We have limited capacities now, but we will do our best to work with you during this crisis.

    If you need help or support, advice or if you have information useful for our community, please let us know. MediLabSecure was meant to prepare ourselves and to create a strong collaborating network to face such an event! Let’s prove we can do it!




    03/2020 - WHO Online One Health Course: Basics of multisectoral collaboration at the Human-Animal-Environment interface

    WHO offers an online course geared to professionals from human, animal or environmental health sectors involved in the implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005).


    agenda


    The objectives are to:

  • Describe the One Health approach and principles of multisectoral collaboration.
  • Provide examples of how a One Health approach may be taken to address a health threat or disease event.
  • Explain how a One Health approach contributes to a functional national health system, including national IHR implementation, evaluation, and capacity building.

  • More information


    03/2020 - Integrated early warning surveillance: Achilles’ heel of One Health?

    The public health working group investigated the collection of a set of surveillance indicators able to provide data for the implementation of integrated early warning systems in the 22 MediLabSecure participating countries of the Mediterranean, Black Sea and Sahel regions. The results and lessons learned have been published in an article entitled "Integrated early warning surveillance: Achilles’ heel of One Health?" in Microorganisms  Open Access Journal.

    [More information in the "publications" section]
    agenda


    02/2020 - New simplfied key to better identify genera of mosquitoes

    The medical entomology group has developed in collaboration with IRD and the University of Novi Sad in Serbia, a simplified key to identify the 7 genera of mosquitoes in the Reggions of Europe, North Africa and Middle-East Regions.

    [More information in the "resources" section]


    agenda


    02/2020 - WORKSHOP "entomology for non-entomologists" held in dakar, senegal


    agenda


    A training on entomology for non-entomologists was carried out on January 23, 2020 during the first Regional Meeting of the second phase of the MediLabSecure project held in Dakar, Senegal.


    [Read more]

    02/2020 - Multisectoral risk assessment exercise held in Dakar, Senegal

    During the first Regional Meeting of the second phase of the MediLabSecure project held in Dakar, Senegal  from janurary 20-24, 2020, a Multisectoral Risk Assessment (MRA) exercise was carried out with representatives from all sectors (human and animal virology, medical entomology, public health and veterinary services, modelling and early warning tool) involved. Eight countries from Maghreb and Sahel regions participated in the exercise : Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia.


    [Read more]


    agenda



    01/2020 - Medilabsecure regional meeting held in Dakar, senegal

    The first Regional Meeting of the second phase of MediLabSecure was held on January 20-24, 2020, in Dakar, Senegal. Co-organized with the Institut Pasteur de Dakar, the meeting brought together more than 70 participants, including 40 representatives from all sectors in 8 countries (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia).

    This 4-day event was a great opportunity to consolidate this collaborative multidisciplinary network of laboratories and public health institutions to further enhance capacity building and strengthen preparedness to vector-borne diseases in West Africa.


    [Read more]

    Browse the photo album of the meeting here



    01/2020 - Happy New Year!

    12/2019 - Medilabsecure newsletter #9

    The new edition of the MediLabSecure newsletter has just been released! Enjoy reading it to keep you updated of what's going on within the project
    All the MediLabSecure team takes this opportunity to wish you all very happy holidays!



    12/2019 - public health explained in motion design

    « Why is it important to monitor arthropod-borne diseases ? », « How has the Public Health network facilitated One Health collaboration in the Mediterranean region? ».

    This new educational video conceived by ISS and the Institut Pasteur, highlights in 3 minutes the key role of Public health and the importance of One Health approach in the surveillance of vector-borne diseases.



    Discover also the animal virology, human virology and medical entomology videos on our Vimeo page and do not hesitate to share them all to promote the One health approach beyond the project!


    12/2019 - second workshop of the Human Virology working group in march 2020

    We are pleased to invite you to participate in the workshop "Outbreak investigations: New molecular tools for the identification of viral pathogens" which will take place at the Institut Pasteur in Paris from 16th to 20th of March 2020.

    This workshop is organized and supported by MediLabSecure with the intervention of experts from the "Laboratory for Urgent Response to Biological Threats" of the Institut Pasteur who will present new approaches and “Point-of-Care” approaches to molecular investigations of viral and arboviral diseases. This workshop will be the opportunity for the MediLabSecure members to explore and discuss the advantages and the limits of current molecular approaches in the context of public health emergencies.
    Among the tools we aim to present during the workshop: LAMP and RPA amplification of nucleic acids, BioFire, GeneXpert, role of Sequencing and NGS (e.g. MinION), etc.

    The workshop is intended for heads of labs, principal investigators, medical and/or field biologists (fluent in English). As usual, we will invite one member from each laboratory of the network.

    You will receive the detailed program of this workshop at the beginning of next year. Meanwhile, save the date for this event!
    Please confirm your attendance and send the name of the chosen guest by the 15th of January 2020 to facilitate the organization of the trip and accommodation.


    Contact for registration: guillain.mikaty@pasteur.fr





    12/2019 - medical entomology newsletter #20

    The new  edition medical entomology is online! Enjoy reading it to keep you updated on the last activities and of the network!
    Missed earlier newsletter? Do not worry you can find them here!

    11/2019 - MOSQUITO FACTSHEETS


    A toolkit containing mosquito factsheets developed by the medical entomology working group has been produced in collaboration with IRD.
    This educational and practical toolkit supports field work by providing an easy access to the characteristics of 10 different mosquito species (short description, distribution, transmission, vector surveillance, etc.)



    Click on each mosquito picture to discover factsheets on main mosquito vectors in euro-mediterranean area!





    11/2019 - Seminar "Capacity building in medical entomology for Sahel countries"


    A seminar gathering representatives from Sahel countries has been organized by the medical entomology working group in the "Centre National de la Recherche et de Formation sur le Paludisme" (CNRFP), in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from October 29th-30th, 2019.


    10/2019 - Medilabsecure first regional Meeting will be held in Dakar in January 2020 !



    The Kick-Off Meeting which was held on last July in Paris put the MediLabSecure second phase on track for the next three years and successfully initiated the integration of the new members from Sahel within the network.

    To continue on this path, the 1st Regional meeting of the new phase of the MediLabSecure project will be held in Dakar (Senegal) from January 20th-24th, 2020.


    Co-organized with the Institut Pasteur in Dakar and bringing together around 60 representatives from all sectors (human and animal virology, medical entomology, public health and veterinary services, modelling and early warning tool) in 8 countries (Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia), as well as national and regional stakeholders, this 4-day meeting will be a great opportunity to consolidate this collaborative network of laboratories and public health institutions to further enhance capacity building and strengthen preparedness to vector-borne diseases.


    Based on suggestions from Network members in the region, the meeting will be focused on Rift Valley Fever with the usual “One Health” spirit that constitutes the roots of the MediLabSecure project.


    10/2019 - second workshop of the medical entomology working group "introduction on mapping & modelling"


    The second workshop of the Medical Entomology working group entitled "Introduction on mapping and modelling" took place in the Institut Pasteur of Algeria from 13th to 17th October, 2019.


    10/2019 - MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY REGIONAL TRAINING ON VECTOR IDENTIFICATION & SURVEILLANCE


    The first workshop of the second phase of the MediLabSecure project for the medical entomology working group took place in the Laboratory for Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad, Serbia on last September 16th-19th.


    10/2019 - OHEJP SUmmer school 2019


    MediLabSecure was present to the last One Health European Joint Programme (OHEJP) Summer School which was held in London in August 19th-30th,2019.

    The OHEJP, which aims to enhance the operationalization of One Health, share commons values with the MediLabSecure project. In this context, the Public Health working group was invited to their last summer school, which was held in London from August 19-30,2019, to deliver a presentation on the promotion of the One Health concept in the context of MediLabSecure that provided to students a better understanding of the complexity of health challenges and how to use a One Health approach to address these.




    One Health in the context of MediLabSecure



    09/2019 - new medilabsecure activities planned for the end of 2019

    While the project launch period has been successfully initiated over the last 6 months, MediLabSecure is on track with several activities scheduled for the end of 2019 :

    September 2019 :
    - An advanced training on vector identification and surveillance co-organized by the medical entomology working group and the Univeristy of Novi Sad, will be held at Novi Sad, Serbia on next September 16th-19th.

    - The human virology working group has been kindly invited by the Institut Pasteur of Algeria from September 17th-19th to visit the laboratory of arbovirus and emerging virus. This 2-day visit will be the oppotunity to identify the different scientific collaboration possibilities and to provide biosafety counseling. 

    October 2019 :
    - The first workshop of the MediLabSecure second phase for the human virology working-group will be organized on next October 7th-11th 2019 at the Institut Pasteur in Paris.This workshop will focus on data analysis for Next Generation Sequencing technology for diagnostics purposes.

    - A workshop jointly organised by the Medical Entomology working group and the Institut Pasteur of Algeria on "Introduction on mapping and modelling" will be held at the Institut Pasteur of Algeria from 13th to 17th October, 2019.


    - A seminar will be organized by the medical entomology working group in the Centre National de la Recherche et de Formation sur le Paludisme (CNRFP), in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from October 29-30 , 2019.  These two days will be an opportunity to introduce the medical entomologi activities to Sahel countries, to exchange information on current research, practices in terms of vector monitoring and control, and to consider possible joint projects within the framework of MediLabSecure (including MosKeyTool Sahel).



    MediLabSecure activities timeline, 2nd half of 2019



    07/2019 - human virology explained in motion design

    A new video explaining explaining human virology, one of the sectors of the MediLabSecure project, has been developed by Institut Pasteur.

    " What is the difference between contagious and transmissible viruses?", "How are viral diseases diagnosed?"  This educational videos highlights in 3 minutes the key role of human virology in the surveillance of vector-borne diseases.

    Human virology explained in motion design from MediLabSecure on Vimeo.

    Clikc here for the french version.


    Discover also the animal virology and medical entomology videos and do not hesitate to share them all to promote the One health approach beyond the MediLabSecure project!



    07/2019 - MEdilabsecure newsletter #8

    The 8th edition of the MediLabSecure newsletter has been released! Enjoy reading it to discover the activities that have been carried out over the last four months.



    Missed earlier newsletter? Do not worry you can find them here!

    07/2019 - workshop "introduction on mapping & modelling" / call for selection



    A workshop "Introduction on mapping and modelling" will be held at the Institut Pasteur of Algeria from 13th to 17th October, 2019. It is jointly organised by the Medical Entomology working group and the Institut Pasteur of Algeria.

    The purpose of this training is to provide fundamental concepts of Geographic Information Systems and species distribution modelling, with "hands on" experiences.

    This five-day course will be followed by a distance-learning course provided by Avia-GIS.


    This basic level course is for anyone who wants to develop their knowledge about mapping and modelling. You do not have to have any previous experience - just your good willing for commitment!

    It is open for all the labs involved in the MediLabSecure project. The number of available places is limited to 15 people.

    Priority will be given to applicants who are ready to be involved for the whole duration of the MediLabSecure project on this topic.

    All expenses related to this course will be supported by the MediLabSecure project and Institut Pasteur of Algeria.

    The call for the selection of trainees is open until August 11th, 2019

    For more information, do not hesitate to contact the MedilabSecure Entomology team

    (Vincent Robert / Marie Picard) : mls.entomo@ird.fr


    07/2019 - medilabsecure kick-off meeting

    The Kick-Off Meeting of the new phase of the MediLabSecure project  was held on July 2nd-3rd 2019 at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France.


    You can browse the photo album of this meeting here.


    Gathering 110 participants from more than 25 countries (representatives from participating countries, partners, stakeholders and funder), this 2-day event was the opportunity officially launch the new phase of the MediLabSecure project with a presentation of its objectives and activities.


    Read more ...


    06/2019 - publication "towards harmonization of entomological surveillance  in the mediterranean area"

    The article "Towards harmonization of entomological surveillance in the Mediterranean area" has just been published! Produced by the medical entomology working group, this article completes the roadmap towards harmonization of entomological surveillance systems in the Mediterranean area regarding transmission risks of mosquito-borne viruses, by providing guidelines for designing effective and sustainable entomological surveillance systems in order to improve preparedness and response in countries of the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions in a comprehensive “One Health” framework.



    06/2019 - 7th international meeting of the eu cbrn national focal points



    Within the framework of the European Union Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Centres of Excellence (EU CBRN CoE) initiative, The 7th international meeting of the national focal point was held in La Hulpe in Belgium from June 12th to 14th.

    MediLabSecure, which is funded by the European Union and conducted under the umbrella of the EU CBRN CoE initiative, contributes to mitigate biological risk related to emerging vector-borne viruses by strengthening and harmonizing preparadness and response capacities in the Mediterranean, Black Sea & Sahel regions.

    In line with this objective, the project took part in the meeting in order to foster interactions and collaborations with the representatives of the EU CBRN CoE initiative to better contribute to stability and peace in the EU neighbouring countries by supporting health security against common health threats and bio-safety-related risks at national and regional levels.


    06/2019 - medical entomology newsletter #18

    Want to know more about what's going on within the Medical entomology network? Do not miss their 18th newsletter edition!
    Stay tuned, a general newsletter on the MediLabSecure activities will be released in the coming days!



    06/2019 - MEDILABSECURE KICK-OFF MEETING WILL BE HELD IN PARIS IN JULY!



    In January 2019, the MediLabSecure project was officially approved to continue for three more years.


    The geographical coverage of the project is extended - new laboratories and public health institutions from 5 Sahel countries have joined the network (from Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal - see the detailed list below). Veterinary services as well as a new technical component, integrating environmental and ecological features in the development of emerging infections’ risk assessment and early warning tools have also been included.


    This new phase will be officially launched during the Kick-Off meeting that will be held in Institut Pasteur in Paris, on July 2nd-3rd, 2019!


    Gathering partners, representatives of the laboratories and public health institutions of the 22 beneficiary countries, and other stakeholders altogether for two days, this meeting will give the opportunity to for all the participants to exchange and create synergies with the network as well as having an update on the objectives and activities of this new phase of the project.


    06/2019 - welcome to the new medilabsecure members from sahel!

    In order to have a geographic continuum and a complementary of biological situation, MediLabSecure has enlarged its geographic coverage area by extending the network to new laboratories and national public health institutions and veterinary services in five Sahel countries : Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal.


    The new laboratories and institutions have been officially designated and invited to join the network.

    We are very pleased to welcome within the network these new members.



    Click on the countries below to discover the new members!





              




    The Kick-off Meeting will be the opportunity for the five Sahel countries laboratories and public health institutions representatives to initiate their involvement within the network and to meet other members from Europe (Balkans), Middle-East and North Africa.

     
    Welcome to our new colleagues from the Sahel Region!


    06/2019 - HUMAN virology newsletter #4

    Enjoy reading the new human virology newsletter to keep you updated on whats' going on within the network!

    If you missed earlier editions do not worry! You can read them here.


    06/2019 - HUMAN VIROLOGY WORKING GROUP ORGANIZES A WORKSHOP ON NGS TECHNOLOGY


    The first workshop of MediLabSecure’s second phase for the human virology working-group will be organized next October 2019 at the Institut Pasteur in Paris.


    This workshop will focus on data analysis for Next Generation Sequencing technology for diagnostics purposes. This workshop, co-organized with the Center of Bioinformatics, Biostatistics and Integrative Biology (C3BI) at the Institut Pasteur, will host 12 participants from three working-groups: human virology, animal virology, and medical entomology.



    Participants have been selected and will soon receive an official invitation for the workshop.


    06/2019 - ANIMAL VIROLOGY EXPLAINED IN MOTION DESIGN


    Videos explaining the different sectors of the MediLabSecure project are being developed with all the working groups.


    This new video, conceived by INIA (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria) and Institut Pasteur, presents the key role of Animal virology in the fight against vector-borne diseases.

    "What is the role of animal virologists in the surveillance of vector-borne diseases?", "Why is a One Health approach important?" - This educational video highlights in 3 minutes the fundamental role of this discipline in the surveillance of vector-borne diseases.


    05/2019 - ONE HEALTH EUROPEAN JOINT PROGRAMME (OHEJP) CONFERENCE


    The first One Health European Joint Programm (OHEJP) annual scientific Meeting on food-borne zoonoses, antimicrobial resistance and emerging threatswas held in Dublin from May 22th to 24th.

    As a project promoting "One Health" approach to mitigate biological risks related to emerging vector-borne viruses, MediLabSecure has been invited to make two presentations : one on its contribution to "One Health" implementation in the Mediterranean and Black Sea Region with the Strategic Document on "Integrated surveillance and risk assessment for arbovirus infections", and the other on Multisectoral Risk Assessment and the benefits of One Health collaboration on surveillance and control of arbovirus infections.





    05/2019 - MEdiLabSecure first Steering committee

    The first Steering Committee of the MediLabSecure  project was held in Institut Pasteur, in Paris, France on May, 16th
     Chaired by the European Commission as funding authority,  the Steering Committee is empowered to provide recommendations and guidelines in order to ensure the successful achievement of the Project.

    Gathering representatives of the European Commission, partners of the project and representatives  of other similar initiatives and international experts, this first Steering Committee was the opportunity to keep all stakeholders updated on the second phase of the project, to collect recommendations regarding its proper implementation, and to exchange with other connected projects in order to foster interactions and synergies.




    04/2019 - French version of the Medical Entomology Video in motion design


    "L'entomologie médicale expliquée en motion design" from MediLabSecure on Vimeo

    The english version of the video is also available by clicking here


    The Medical entomology video in motion design has just been translated into french! This video has been developed by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) and the Institut Pasteur in order to promote this discipline which is one of the five components of the MediLabSecure project.

    Aimed at all audiences, this educational video provides a better understanding of the central role played by medical entomology in the fight and control of vector-borne diseases.


    Stay tuned, new videos are coming!


    In the meantime, do not hesitate to share this video beyond the project within your own networks of interest.



    04/2019 - "journÉes francophones de virologie" ("virology french days")

    The human virology working group of the MediLabSecure project was present to the 21st « Journées Francophones de Virologie » (“Virology French Days”) that were held in Lyon, France on March 28-29.


    Organised by the « Société Française de Virologie » (“French Society of Virology”) and gathering more than 450 participants among others researchers, engineers, veterinarians, and professors, this meeting aimed at offering a global vision of progress in molecular and cellular, medical, veterinary or plant virology to the French speaking community.


    This meeting was the occasion to present a poster on the MediLabSecure project, which describes the general methodology and activities carried within the network as well as the main objectives of the second phase of MediLabSecure.


    Let’s meet next year for the 22nd edition of the «Journées Francophones de Virologie » that will be organized in the Institut Pasteur in Paris on April 2-3, 2020 !